Damage to the Bill of Rights

caused by the Bush Administration

and the rubber-stamp GOP congress


(in progress)



The USAPATRIOT Act: Section 215 controverts the Fourth Amendment.



The Fourth Amendment to the Constitution reads as follows:




The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.




Section 215 of the USAPATRIOT Act says, in essence:




The FBI need not show probable cause, nor even reasonable grounds to believe, that the person whose records it seeks is engaged in criminal activity.  It is sufficient for the FBI to tell the judge that the person is the "subject of an investigation", and the judge is required on that basis to issue a search warrant.


Furthermore, all persons are prohibited from informing the person searched that their privacy has been breached.


The depth of this violation is very extensive. 
For a more complete exegesis of Section 215, see What is Section 215?



The Military Commissions Act of 2006 removes the rights of citizens.



The constitutional protections afforded to all citizens of the U.S. of A. can be removed by fiat of the president or the Secretary of Defense, by declaring the citizen to be an "unlawful enemy combatant":


p. 75

WRONGFULLY AIDING THE ENEMY.— Any person who, in breach of an allegiance or duty to the United States, knowingly and intentionally aids an enemy of the United States or one its co belligerents shall be guilty of the offense of wrong fully aiding the enemy and shall be subject to whatever punishment the commission may direct.




UNLAWFUL ENEMY COMBATANT.—The term ‘unlawful enemy combatant’ means an individual determined by or under the authority of the President or the Secretary of Defense—

“(A) to be part of or affiliated with a force or organization—including but not limited to al Qaeda, the Taliban, any international terrorist organization, or associated forces—engaged in hostilities against the United States or its co-belligerents in violation of the law of war;

“(B) to have committed a hostile act in aid of such a force or organization so engaged; or

“(C) to have supported hostilities in aid of such a force or organization so engaged..




(in progress)